Tiempo Climate Newswatch
2004 - International Year of Rice
The Blue Carbon Portal brings together the latest knowledge and resources on the role of oceans as carbon sinks.
WalkIt provides walking routes between user-defined points in selected British cities, with an estimate of the carbon savings.
Joto Afrika is a series of printed briefings and online resources about adapting to climate change in sub-Saharan Africa.
The CoolClimate Art Contest presents iconic images that address the impact of climate change.
About the Cyberlibrary
The Tiempo Climate Cyberlibrary was developed by Mick Kelly and Sarah Granich on behalf of the Stockholm Environment Institute and the International Institute for Environment and Development, with sponsorship from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.
While every effort is made to ensure that information on this site, and on other sites that are referenced here, is accurate, no liability for loss or damage resulting from use of this information can be accepted.
Originating in Asia, rice is now cultivated in 113 countries and on all continents except Antarctica. It is grown on a wide range of soil regimes, from deltas and valleys in Asia, to tropical rainforests, to the slopes of the Himalayas, to the Mediterranean and to the dry lands of the Middle East.
For over half the world's population, rice is a staple food as well as being a vital source of employment for tens of millions of people. Rice production has, in fact, been described as the world's single most important economic activity. Rice-based systems are an intrinsic part of societies, cultures, politics, business and the environment throughout most parts of the world.
The importance of improving the productivity of rice systems throughout the world is paramount. For the 840 million undernourished people in developing countries who derive their meagre nutritional intake from this grain, it is a matter of life and death.
It was recognition of the global significance of rice, together with growing international concern over serious issues facing rice production, that led the International Rice Research Institute to request that the UN Food and Agriculture Organization collaborate in having 2004 declared International Year of Rice. To have a year dedicated to a single crop is unprecedented in the history of the United Nations General Assembly.
The overall aim of the International Year of Rice is to promote and guide the sustainable development of rice and rice-based production. The following challenges and opportunities have been identified by the organizers.
The UN General Assembly noted that world attention needs to focus on the awareness that rice has a major role to play in alleviating and even possibly eradicating poverty and malnutrition. There are a number of internationally agreed development goals, including those contained in the Millennium Declaration, through which the entire global community can address the challenges of ensuring a sustainable increase in the production of rice.
On the Web
General Electric plans to cut solar installation costs by half
Project 90 by 2030 supports South African school children and managers reduce their carbon footprint through its Club programme
Bath & North East Somerset Council in the United Kingdom has installed smart LED carriageway lighting that automatically adjusts to light and traffic levels
The United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the American Public Gardens Association are mounting an educational exhibit at Longwood Gardens showing the link between temperature and planting zones
The energy-efficient Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers hotel is powered by renewable and sustainable sources, including integrated solar photovoltaics and guest-powered bicycles
El Hierro, one of the Canary Islands, plans to generate 80 per cent of its energy from renewable sources
The green roof on the Remarkables Primary School in New Zealand reduces stormwater runoff, provides insulation and doubles as an outdoor classroom
The Weather Info for All project aims to roll out up to five thousand automatic weather observation stations throughout Africa
SolSource turns its own waste heat into electricity or stores it in thermal fabrics, harnessing the sun's energy for cooking and electricity for low-income families
The Wave House uses vegetation for its architectural and environmental qualities, and especially in terms of thermal insulation
The Mbale compost-processing plant in Uganda produces cheaper fertilizer and reduces greenhouse gas emissions
At Casa Grande, Frito-Lay has reduced energy consumption by nearly a fifth since 2006 by, amongst other things, installing a heat recovery system to preheat cooking oil
Tiempo Climate Newswatch