Tiempo Climate Newswatch
Week ending October 10th 2010
The Blue Carbon Portal brings together the latest knowledge and resources on the role of oceans as carbon sinks.
WalkIt provides walking routes between user-defined points in selected British cities, with an estimate of the carbon savings.
Joto Afrika is a series of printed briefings and online resources about adapting to climate change in sub-Saharan Africa.
The CoolClimate Art Contest presents iconic images that address the impact of climate change.
About the Cyberlibrary
The Tiempo Climate Cyberlibrary was developed by Mick Kelly and Sarah Granich on behalf of the Stockholm Environment Institute and the International Institute for Environment and Development, with sponsorship from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.
While every effort is made to ensure that information on this site, and on other sites that are referenced here, is accurate, no liability for loss or damage resulting from use of this information can be accepted.
The Group of 77 (G-77), meeting at the United Nations headquarters, has criticized the rich nations of the world for failing to meet their promises of financial support for the developing world. The core of the problem, said Ahmed Aboul Gheit, Egyptian foreign minister, is "the failure of many developed countries to fulfil their financial commitments" with regard to the Millennium Development Goals. Undersecretary-general Sha Zukang noted the continuing failure of rich nations to commit funds to help the transfer of "clean" technologies to the developing world.
Abubakr al-Qirbi, outgoing G-77 president, describing climate change as an urgent challenge for the group that "threatens not only our societies' developmental prospects but also their very existence," stressed the importance of the continuity of the Kyoto Protocol as an essential element for the future of the climate change regime. "New quantified emission reduction commitments by Annex I parties under the Kyoto Protocol, therefore, must be met to avoid any gap between the first and subsequent commitment periods under the Protocol," he said.
Researchers met in Senegal last week to discuss the potential of the cowpea, the black-eyed pea, one of the world's oldest crops. "It's hard to imagine a more perfect crop, particularly for Africa, where food production lags behind population growth, demand for livestock products is soaring, and climate change is bringing new stresses to already challenging growing conditions," said Christian Fatokun of the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, co-organizer of the conference.
"Climate-ready" crops such as the cowpea could be substituted for staples, for example, maize and rice, that may fail as climate changes. Cowpeas provide good yields, even in hot and dry conditions, and yet more resilient varieties are being developed. The challenge is dealing with the threats that limit production and long-term storage. "The good news in Senegal is that researchers will be revealing new and innovative approaches to dealing with the pests and weeds that attack cowpeas at every stage of their lifecycle and with the voracious weevils that devour dried cowpeas," Fatokun said.
A global assessment of groundwater use has concluded that the rate at which humanity is depleting underground stores of water has more than doubled over recent decades. The extraction of groundwater, which enters the atmosphere through evaporation then the oceans through precipitation, could account for around a quarter of observed sea-level rise, the study finds.
"Although the role of groundwater depletion in rising sea levels had already been acknowledged, it was not addressed in the most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report due to a lack of reliable data to illustrate the severity of the situation, commented researcher Marc Bierkens from Utrecht University in the Netherlands. "Our study confirms that groundwater depletion is, in fact, a significant factor." The study showed that groundwater depletion is most acute in areas of India, Pakistan, the United States and China, which are also the regions without sustainable levels of food production and water consumption.
General Electric plans to cut solar installation costs by half
Project 90 by 2030 supports South African school children and managers reduce their carbon footprint through its Club programme
Bath & North East Somerset Council in the United Kingdom has installed smart LED carriageway lighting that automatically adjusts to light and traffic levels
The United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the American Public Gardens Association are mounting an educational exhibit at Longwood Gardens showing the link between temperature and planting zones
The energy-efficient Crowne Plaza Copenhagen Towers hotel is powered by renewable and sustainable sources, including integrated solar photovoltaics and guest-powered bicycles
El Hierro, one of the Canary Islands, plans to generate 80 per cent of its energy from renewable sources
The green roof on the Remarkables Primary School in New Zealand reduces stormwater runoff, provides insulation and doubles as an outdoor classroom
The Weather Info for All project aims to roll out up to five thousand automatic weather observation stations throughout Africa
SolSource turns its own waste heat into electricity or stores it in thermal fabrics, harnessing the sun's energy for cooking and electricity for low-income families
The Wave House uses vegetation for its architectural and environmental qualities, and especially in terms of thermal insulation
The Mbale compost-processing plant in Uganda produces cheaper fertilizer and reduces greenhouse gas emissions
At Casa Grande, Frito-Lay has reduced energy consumption by nearly a fifth since 2006 by, amongst other things, installing a heat recovery system to preheat cooking oil
Tiempo Climate Newswatch